INDIVIDUALISTIC LEARNING STYLES OF CHILD
Most often, in a structured learning environment we tend to use the first three senses to facilitate our learning process i.e. AUDITORY, VISUAL and TACTILE. As we grow and learn to use our senses, we begin to establish individualistic learning styles. As facilitators we often tend to use methods that work for ourselves as teachers and parents. In order to maximize learning advantages, we must define the type of learner one is and cater to that particular learning style.
Some signs that help us determine what learning style we use is mentioned below:
- Visual Learners:
Use visual materials such as pictures, charts, maps, graphs, etc. Use colour to highlight important points in text. Illustrate their ideas as a picture or makes mind maps before writing them down. Use multi-media (e.g. computers, videos). Visualize information as a picture to aid memorization.
- Auditory Learners:
Participate in class discussions/debates. Use a tape recorder during lectures instead of taking notes. Read text out aloud. Create mnemonics to aid memorization.Use verbal analogies, and storytelling to demonstrate their point.
- Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners:
Take frequent study breaks. Move around to learn new things (e.g. read while on an exercise bike, mold a piece of clay to learn a new concept). Listen to music while studying.
- Visual/Spatial Intelligence:
These learners tend to think in pictures to retain information. They enjoy looking at maps, books, pictures, and videos. Their skills include puzzle building, reading, writing, understanding charts and graphs, a good sense of direction, sketching, painting, creating visual metaphors and analogies, manipulating images, constructing, fixing, designing practical objects, interpreting visual images.
- Logical/Mathematical Intelligence:
These learners think conceptually in logical and numerical patterns making connections between pieces of information. Always curious about the world around them, these learners ask lots of questions and like to do experiments. Their skills include problem solving, classifying & categorizing information, working with abstract concepts to figure out the relationship of each to the other, questioning and wondering about natural events, performing complex mathematical calculations, working with geometric shapes.
- Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence:
It is the ability to control body movements and handle objects skillfully. These learners express themselves through movement. They have a good sense of balance and eye-hand co-ordination. (E.g. ball play, balancing beams). Through interacting with the space around them, they are able to remember and process information. Their skills include dancing, physical co-ordination, sports, hands on experimentation, using body language, crafts, and acting, miming, using their hands to create or build, and expressing emotions through the body.
- Musical/Rhythmic Intelligence:
It is the ability to produce and appreciate music. These musically inclined learners think in sounds, rhythms and patterns. They immediately respond to music either appreciating or criticizing what they hear. Many of these learners are extremely sensitive to environmental sounds (e.g. crickets, bells, dripping taps). Their skills include singing, whistling, playing musical instruments, recognizing tonal patterns, composing music, remembering melodies, understanding the structure and rhythm of music.